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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission is suitable for blind-review. All identifying references and personal notes have been removed from the text and identifying metadata and properties removed from the submitted file.
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Before you submit your manuscript, please read the instructions for authors and review the previous checklist to ensure your manuscript meets the requirements.

General Information

Following the guidelines helps avoid delays in publication. Authors are responsible for formatting their own manuscripts as a condition for acceptance; however, all manuscripts accepted for publication will undergo minor copyediting.

In general, and for all matters not covered by this style sheet, Locke Studies follows the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS), 17th edition.

To ensure fairness for our reviewers, remove all references to the author(s) from the submission itself. Cite works by any of the authors in the third person, and do not include personal notes (acknowledgments, thanks, references to oral presentation, etc.). This includes removing any identifying metadata and properties from the file submitted.

All manuscripts must be double-spaced (included references and block quotations) in 12-point, Georgia font with pages numbered consecutively in the upper right corner with the title page as page 1. Use 2.54 centimetre (1") margins on all sides. Text must be justified.

Normally submissions do not exceed 10,000 words, excluding footnotes, but we will consider longer submissions.

Which Section does your Submission Fall Under

When submitting you are asked to classify your contribution according to the types of submissions accepted.

Article: Original peer-reviewed scholarship contributing to our understanding of Locke's thought, his works, or his legacy, or thoses of his contemporaries. This includes scholarly discussions and analyses regarding Locke's manuscripts and archived materials as well as new archival discoveries. Short announcements of new discoveries should be submitted as a Question, Update, or Discussion Note for immediate dissimination via the blog and social media.

Book Review: Reviews, generally less than 2,000 words, of a recent book.

Review Article: Reviews, generally between 2,500 and 7,500 words, of a set of recent books or recently emerging scholarly trends.

Question, Update, or Discussion Note: Items for quick and wide distribution via social media or the John Locke Society blog. Such items include news about recently discovered books from Locke's library and recently discovered correspondence. Corrections to books and previous research are also accepted. These submissions are not peer-reviewed.

Manuscript Order for Submission

  • Title page
  • Abstract and Keywords (on a separate page)
  • Text
  • Appendixes (if applicable)
  • Bibliography (with hanging indent)

Formatting Guidelines


  • Use your software’s features to create sections/subsections.
  • Use headline capitalization for all section headings.
  • Maintain consistency and parallel structure in headings and subheads.
  • Begin subheadings on a new line.
  • Ensure that each level of your hierarchy is clear and consistent.
  • Use different typefaces or bold or italics to differentiate your headings and subheadings.
  • Keep all headings and subheadings flush to the left.
  • Use no more than three levels of headings.
  • Avoid ending your headings with periods.

Figures and Tables

  • Place figures and tables in their correct position within the text whenever possible. 
  • Digital art should be submitted as high resolution .tiff or .jpg files, or as a clean, high resolution PDF file. 
  • Tables should be typed with a minimum of borders and other features enabled. In general, follow the CMS rules for tables.

Italics, Bold, and Underlining

  • Do not italicize foreign or technical terms commonly used in philosophy, for example, “ipso facto,” “i.e.,” or “a priori.”
  • You may place unfamiliar terms in italics; use your best judgment. 
  • Do not underline unfamiliar words, phrases requiring emphasis, or titles of published books and journals. Use bold typeface where appropriate.
  • Use underlining only for live links.


  • Use footnotes, not endnotes. Use 10 point Georgia font for the footnotes.
  • Footnotes should contain citations and may include additional commentary or discursive remarks. 
  • Number footnotes consecutively throughout the manuscript.
  • Use proper numbers for page references. (See the bullet under Bibliography below for further information.)
  • Footnotes should have a hanging indent. 
  • See below for proper format of a journal article.


Bertram Morris, “Possessive Individualism and Political Realities: The Political Theory of Possessive Individualism: Hobbes to Locke,” Ethics 75, no. 3 (1965): 207.

If the citation has already been cited it may be shortened to author's last name, shortened title, and page referenced number. 


Morris, “Possessive Individualism,” 208.

If a citation has been referenced immediately prior, the note may be shortened to ibid with the page number. 


Ibid., 210.


  • Authors are responsible for crosschecking their footnote citations against their bibliographies.
  • Include a bibliographical list of all cited references labelled “Bibliography” starting on a new page after the main text (i.e., insert a page break before the list of references). 
  • List references alphabetically by last name of the first author. 
  • Use complete first and last names for authors, unless you cannot readily ascertain a first name. 
  • List multiple references by the same author in chronological order, and use a 3-em dash (———) in the place of the author’s or authors’ name(s) for subsequent works. 
  • For multiple authors, list the surname of the first author, comma, given name of first author, common, then given name(s) followed by surname of each subsequent author, separated by commas.
  • Use the word “and” before the last author when there are multiple authors, even when there are only two authors. 
  • Always use a comma before the word “and” when there are multiple authors. 
  • Use hanging indents throughout the reference list.
  • Be sure that the Bibliography include page numbers for all articles in journals and edited volumes. Uses of inclusive numbers (in run of text, article page ranges, etc.) are abridged as explained by CMS.

General Rules for Page Range Numbering:

  • Do not use commas for numbers in page ranges larger than 999. (Example 1100-1102)
  • Use all digits for inclusive page ranges from 1-99. (Example: 3-34)
  • Use all digits for inclusive page ranges that begin with 100 or multiples of 100. (Example: 300-318)
  • Use only the part of the page range that has changed for numbers from 101 through to 109, from 201 through to 209, etc. (Example: 102-8)
  • Use as many digits as is needed to include all the changed parts for numbers from 110 through to 199, from 210 through to 299, etc. (Examples: 313-43; 1499-502; 1989-2012)
  • Use fully realized (unabridged) numbers in book or article titles only (e.g., “History of Genetics, 1945–1990”). 
  • In both the reference list and in-text citations, simply give the numbers (without “pg.”, “p.”, or “page”)

How to Format Your References


Include author or editor, period, title (including subtitle) italicized (if needed: period, volume or edition), period (translator and editor if in addition to author), city of publication (if needed: comma, state), colon, publisher, comma, year of publication, period. 


Parfit, Derek. Reasons and Persons. Oxford, UK: Clarendon Press, 1984. 

Journal Articles

Include author of article, period, open quote, nonitalicized title (including subtitle), period, closing quote, italicized full name of journal, space, volume number (if issue number: no. followed by the number), space, open bracket, year of publication, close bracket), colon, page numbers, period. doi if available in the form of https://doi.org/xx.xxxxx/xxxx.xxxx. Italicize the journal name, but not the volume and issue number. 


Mattern, Ruth M. “Locke on Active Power and the Obscure Idea of Active Power from Bodies.” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 11 (1980): 39-77. 

Winkler, Kenneth P. “Locke on Personal Identity.” Journal of the History of Philosophy 29, no. 2 (1991): 201–226. https://doi.org/10.1353/hph.1991.0041 

Edited Volumes

For articles in a book-length collection, include author(s) of article, period, nonitalicized title of article in quotation marks, period (within the quotation marks), followed by “In” italicized title of collection, comma, "edited by" name of book's editor(s) (first name last name), comma, page range, period, city of publication, comma, province/state, colon, publisher, comma, publication year, period. 


Schochet G. “The Family and the Origins of the State in Locke's Political Philosophy." In  John Locke: Problems and Perspectives, edited by John W. Yolton, 81-98. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

For anything not covered under these guidelines, consult the CMS.

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